3 wheel forklift turning radius

What is a 3 Wheel Forklift Turning Radius?

Understanding the turning radius of your 3 wheel forklift is essential if you’re responsible for the operation or administration of a forklift.

This is even more important for your 3-wheel forklifts because of their distinctive design, which enables greater manoeuvrability in confined areas.

This blog post will go into more detail about the turning radius of a 3 wheel forklift, including the variables that influence it, the benefits and drawbacks of this kind of forklift, and some useful advice for reducing its turning radius.

Before you read on, if you want a more general understanding of 3 wheel forklifts, check out our Ultimate Guide right HERE.

3 wheel forklift turning radius

What is a 3 Wheel Forklift?

If you want a more detailed understanding of 3 Wheel Forklifts, check out our Ultimate Guide right HERE.

But in brief, and as the name implies, a 3-wheel forklift is a kind of forklift that has three wheels rather than the conventional four.

These forklifts can turn with a smaller turning radius and can move around more easily in small spaces because they have two front wheels and one rear tire.

A 3-wheel forklift’s construction also permits a narrower width and a shorter wheelbase, making it perfect for use in tiny warehouses and aisles.

Despite having fewer wheels, 3-wheel forklifts can still move heavy objects around a building and handle a variety of duties, such as stacking pallets.

What is the turning radius of a 3 Wheel Forklift

The distance a forklift needs to turn around fully is referred to as its turning radius.

When using a forklift, particularly in confined spaces where manoeuvrability is essential, it is important to take this into account.

The forklift’s wheelbase, width, and total length are a few of the variables that have an impact on the turning radius.

Forklifts can spin around in smaller spaces and typically have smaller turning radii than those with longer wheelbases and wider widths.

3 wheel forklift turning radius

It’s essential to remember that the turning radius can change depending on the forklift’s load, the direction of the turn, and other factors.

The turning radius of our most popular 3 wheel forklift, the Hyundai BT-90 15, 18 and 20 series is 1540mm, 1630mm and 1660mm respectively.

Compare that to a conventional 4-wheel forklift, which cab range from 2700m-4000m – so a 3 wheel forklift turning radius can be less than half of 4-wheel machine.

For more context, 1540mm is the equivalent of the size of a typical euro pallet, which is some serious manoeuvrability.

Factors Affecting Turning Radius of a 3-Wheel Forklift

There are several factors that can affect a forklift’s turning radius, including:


A forklift’s turning radius may be impacted by the distance between the front and back axles. Forklifts with extended wheelbases typically have wider turning radiuses than those with shorter wheelbases.

Load weight

The forklift’s turning radius can be impacted by the weight and distribution of the product it is carrying. The forklift may be more difficult to control when carrying a heavier or improperly balanced load, particularly in confined spaces.

Check out our blog on knowing a forklift’ fulcrum point to help here.

Operator skill

The turning radius can also be influenced by the knowledge and expertise of the forklift operator. An experienced operator might find it easier to maneuver through confined areas than a less experienced operator.

3 wheel forklift turning radiusTerrain

A forklift’s turning radius may be impacted by the state of the earth or floor. The forklift may have a harder time turning if there are uneven surfaces, incline changes, or detritus on the ground.

Type of forklift

A forklift’s construction and configuration can also affect its turning radius.

Forklifts with rear-wheel steering may be easier to handle than those with front-wheel steering, for instance, and three-wheel forklifts may have smaller turning radii than four-wheel forklifts.

Tips on Maximising the turning radius of a 3 Wheel Forklift

Use safe driving practices

One of the key elements in optimising a 3-wheel forklift’s turning radius is safe driving practices.

When operating the forklift, the operator should always adhere to the correct protocols and move at a safe speed.

Pick the correct kind of tire

The forklift’s tire type can affect its turning radius. The turning radius can be lowered and agility increased by selecting tires with a smaller diameter.

Maintain the forklift

The forklift’s turning radius can be increased with proper upkeep.

Make sure the tires are correctly inflated as well as checking and adjusting the steering system on a regular basis.

3 wheel forklift turning radius

Use in a suitable environment

The forklift’s moving radius may also be impacted by the surroundings in which it is used.

Ensure that there are no obstacles in the way and that there is enough room for the forklift to operate securely.

Don’t overload

A forklift should not be overloaded because doing so can decrease its turning radius and make manoeuvring more difficult.

Always make sure the load being carried is balanced correctly and falls within the forklift’s weight limit.


3 Wheel forklifts are getting very popular, and when you find out their impressive turning radius it’s easy to see why.

Masterlift has a large stock for buy or rental so get in touch today or follow the link below.

Not considering buying? Here are 5 Benefits to Forklift Rental and Hire in this blog.

3 wheel forklift turning radius